If you've got a problem with your shared house
Your landlord has to keep your home in a good condition and do repairs if you live in a shared house.
If you live in a 'house in multiple occupation' (HMO) they must also make sure your home meets certain safety standards. You’II usually be living in an HMO if you live with several people who aren’t part of your family.
For example, if you live in an HMO your landlord must keep shared areas clean and repair faulty gas and electrical appliances so your home is kept safe.
If your landlord isn’t looking after your home properly you should complain to get the problem sorted out.
If you think your landlord might be treating you worse because of discrimination
You might be able to do something about it - check if your problem is discrimination.
Before you complain
There are steps you need to take before complaining to your landlord.
Step 1. Check if you live in an HMO
You’II usually be living in an HMO if you live in a shared house, bedsit or hostel with 2 or more people who aren’t part of the same family.
If you’re not sure if you live in an HMO check with your local council - it can sometimes be difficult to tell.
If you don’t live in an HMO and have a problem with your shared home, see how to complain about your landlord.
Step 2. Check your home meets safety standards
Your landlord must make sure your home meets certain safety standards if you live in an HMO. This includes:
- making sure the property isn't overcrowded - check when your home is treated as being overcrowded on the Shelter website
- keeping shared areas clean and in good repair - for example staircases and corridors
- installing smoke alarms and a fire escape
- making sure gas equipment is safe - your landlord has to get a gas safety check done every year
- making sure your electrics are safe - your landlord has to get the electrics checked every 5 years
Step 3: Check if your home needs to be licensed as an HMO
Your landlord has to have a licence for your home if it has 5 or more people living there as 2 or more separate households. Resident landlords and their families should count as one person when working out the total number of people in your home.
A household, for example, is either a single person or family who live together (including couples).
Some councils require all HMOs to have a licence.
If your home needs a HMO licence your landlord must still also have licence for your home under the Rent Smart Wales scheme.
You should check with your local council if your landlord has a HMO licence for your home. If they don’t and they should this can help you when you make your complaint.
Complain to your landlord
If your home doesn’t meet the safety standards or you’re unhappy with its condition you should complain to your landlord.
It’s best to write or send an email to your landlord, so you have evidence if you need it later. If you prefer to call them, keep a note of what you discussed.
Explain your problem and what you want them to do to solve it. For example, if your shared stairways are blocked by rubbish tell them you want it removed.
If you’re worried about your landlord evicting you for complaining it’s really important to make sure you've checked if they’ve got a licence for your home.
If they haven’t applied or got a licence and they should have, they can’t evict you by using a section 21 notice.
Even if they’re licensed, you can still complain if they’re not looking after your home.
Talk to an adviser at your nearest Citizens Advice if you need help checking if your landlord’s got a licence or you’re worried about your landlord evicting you for complaining.
If your landlord doesn’t fix the problem
If your landlord doesn’t fix your problem when you complain, tell your local council.
It’s best to call your council to get your problem sorted out quickly. You could write a letter or send an email if you prefer. If you send a letter keep a copy in case you need evidence later.
If you call the council you should note down what you discussed and who you spoke to.
Explain how your landlord isn’t doing what they should for example, if they’re not keeping your home in good repair. Tell them you live in an HMO - this will usually make the council act faster.
Send a copy of any evidence following your call or with your letter, for example photos showing the problem.
Contact your nearest Citizens Advice if you need help making your complaint.
What the council will do
The council will usually inspect your home. They can tell your landlord to fix the problem if your home doesn’t meet the safety standards.
If your landlord doesn’t follow the council’s advice they can take over the management of your home in serious cases. For example, if your health or safety is put at serious risk.
If the council decides to manage your home
If the council takes over the management of your home it will usually be for a period of 12 months, but they could take it over permanently - this doesn’t happen very often.
You’II have to pay your rent to the council if they’re managing your home. They’ll write to you to explain how you should make your payments.
Your tenancy rights will stay the same whilst the council is managing your home. For example, if they wanted to end your tenancy they would still need to give you proper notice. Check how you should be given notice.