Moving from DLA to PIP
PIP (Personal Independence Payment) is the benefit that’s gradually replacing DLA (Disability Living Allowance).
You’ll carry on getting DLA if you were 65 or over on 8 April 2013. In Scotland you can get DLA until you're 18, at which point DLA will stop and you'll need to claim PIP instead - even if you have a ‘lifetime’ or ‘indefinite’ award for DLA.
During 2020, responsibility for DLA for children in Scotland is transferring from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to Social Security Scotland.
New rules mean that young people in Scotland who receive DLA and turn 16 on or after 1 September 2020, will continue to get it up to the age of 18, as long as they're still eligible. This means that they won't have to move to PIP when they're 16, although they can choose to move if they want.
Young people who turned 16 before 1 September 2020 still had to apply for PIP when they reached 16.
You won’t automatically move over to PIP. You’ll get a letter from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) asking you to make a new claim.
It’s important to fill in the claim forms correctly so that you get the right amount of PIP. Talk to an adviser at your nearest Citizens Advice if you need help doing this.
Moving from DLA to PIP if you’re terminally ill
If you’re terminally ill and have been awarded PIP at a higher rate than your DLA, you’ll get that amount from the earliest of these dates:
- the last day of your DLA payment period
- the first Tuesday following your PIP decision
When you’ll start claiming PIP
You’ll be asked to make a claim for PIP when any of the following happen:
- your DLA ends because it was awarded for a fixed period of time - eg for 5 years
- you live in Scotland and turn 18
- your condition changes
- the DWP sends you a letter asking you to claim
You could end up losing your DLA if you claim too early. Talk to an adviser at your nearest Citizens Advice if you’re thinking of making a claim before you’re asked to by the DWP.
When you get a letter from the DWP
You’ll need to make a claim for PIP within 4 weeks or your DLA will be suspended.
Call the PIP enquiry line if you need more time. The DWP might give you an extension and continue to pay your DLA.
If you miss the deadline and your pay is suspended, you’ll need to claim for PIP within 4 weeks of the start of your suspension or your DLA will be stopped completely.
Personal Independence Payment (PIP) enquiry line
Telephone: 0800 121 4433
Textphone: 0800 121 4493
Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm
Calls are free from mobiles and landlines.
How to prepare for your PIP claim
Many people on DLA will qualify for PIP but it isn’t guaranteed. To give yourself the best chance of getting the rate of PIP you need, it’s worth:
- looking at your DLA claim forms - the PIP claim form is completely different, but some of the details you used in your DLA claim might be helpful
- trying to get medical evidence of how your condition is affecting you - you can talk to your doctor and any other medical specialists about this
- keeping a diary of your good and bad days - use our template diary [ 78 kb] to get an idea of what you’ll be assessed on
- making a list of the details of any aids or appliances you use in your everyday life - you won’t have been asked about this when claiming DLA
How to start your claim for PIP
You can start your claim for PIP by calling the PIP claim line.
Personal Independence Payment claim line
Telephone: 0800 917 2222
Textphone: 0800 917 7777
Open Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm
Calls are free from mobiles and landlines.
After you’ve called to make your claim
You’ll receive an information pack and application form from the DWP - usually within 2 weeks.
You should arrange to see your doctor or other medical specialists as soon as possible, to get the evidence you need for your application.
If you can’t get an appointment in time, don’t delay your application. You should send any evidence you already have, for example recent letters from the hospital that describe how your condition is at the moment.
If you have a Motability vehicle
Your mobility will be reassessed when you move to PIP. You’ll only qualify for the Motability Scheme if you’re given the higher rate for mobility (known as the ‘enhanced rate’).
This rate is harder to get on PIP, which means you might not be able to keep your vehicle.
You can talk to an adviser at your nearest Citizens Advice. They’ll make sure you include the right details in your claim to get the rate you need.
If you don’t get the enhanced rate, you’ll have to return your vehicle.
If you’re asked to return your Motability vehicle
You should return your vehicle within 8 weeks of your DLA payments stopping - or 26 weeks if you joined Motability before 2014.
You might be entitled to a one-off payment from Motability when you return your vehicle, depending on its condition and when you joined Motability. If you keep your car for 26 instead of 8 weeks, you’ll get a smaller payment.
If you got a lower rate than you expected, you can ask the DWP to reconsider the amount of PIP they’ve decided to give you. You need to do this within 1 month of the date on your decision letter.
You should talk to an adviser at your nearest Citizens Advice before you ask the DWP to reconsider because there’s a small chance you’ll lose what you’ve been given.
You’ll still need to return your vehicle within the deadline while you’re waiting for a decision.
You can find out from Motability about returning your vehicle and the payment, known as 'transitional support'.