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About Citizens Advice
This advice applies to England:
Advice can vary depending on where you live.
Advice for other parts of the UK:
This advice applies to
The tables in this information show the percentage rates of income tax that are applied to taxable income in the current and past four tax years.
For more information about how to calculate your tax, see Income tax.
Your taxable income is not the same as your total income. This is because most taxpayers are allowed a certain amount of tax-free income (called a personal allowance). Some people may also get other allowances and tax reliefs. You may also have some income that is not taxable. To work out your taxable income, add up your income from all sources, then take away your personal allowance, any non-taxable income and any other allowances and reliefs.
When using the figures in the taxable income columns in the tables on this page, remember that they refer to your taxable income and not to your total income.
For more information about income that is not taxable, see Taxable and non-taxable income, for details of tax reliefs, see Tax reliefs, and for details of allowances, see Income tax allowances and amounts.
A tax year runs from 6 April one year to 5 April the following year.
The percentage rates or bands of taxable income may change for each tax year.
Tax is payable at the basic rate of 20 per cent on taxable income up to £31,785.
If you have taxable income of more than £31,785, you will have to pay the higher rate of 40 per cent tax on the amount above £31,785 up to £150,000.
If you have taxable income of more than £150,000, you will have to pay the additional rate of 45 per cent tax on the amount above this level.
To find out how to calculate the amount of tax payable, see Income tax.
If you are on a low income, some or all of the income from your savings will be taxable at 0% (ie tax free). This is called the starting rate for savings. Low income means if your income is less than your personal allowance plus £5,000 for the tax year 20145/16.
The starting rate for savings does not apply if your taxable income (after allowances are taken off) is more than £5,000 for the tax year 2015/16.
You can find more information about how savings income is taxed on the Low Incomes Tax Reform Group website at: www.litrg.org.uk.
If you receive income from UK company shares or distributions from unit trusts (but not interest), this is taxed at different rates from other income. You can find more information about this on the GOV.UK website at www.gov.uk.
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