Energy customers pay the price for the collapse of energy companies
British energy customers are facing a potential bill of £172 million from the collapse of 10 domestic energy suppliers since January 2018. On top of this, thousands of people who owed money to failed suppliers lost out on consumer protections and faced aggressive debt collection as a result, according to a new report - Picking up the Pieces - by Citizens Advice.
Energy suppliers pay a number of industry bills, these cover things including renewable generation, infrastructure costs and metering costs. The charity’s research shows that £172 million in unpaid industry bills was left behind by failed suppliers, which will likely be paid by consumers through their bills.
Citizens Advice also estimates that at least 32,000 have been left open to potentially aggressive debt collection practices by the administrators who took over these companies.
When energy suppliers fail, Ofgem’s Supplier of Last Resort (SoLR) process appoints a new supplier for customers to ensure a continued energy supply, while the old supplier is taken over by administrators.
Administrators are not bound by the same rules as suppliers licensed by Ofgem. This means they can pursue debts much more aggressively than usually allowed and customers can see the amounts they are being chased for go up overnight.
This leads to people, including those in vulnerable circumstances, being contacted by debt collectors and asked for sums they can’t afford at very short notice.
This can cause serious stress and anxiety for those caught in this situation. Since January 2018, Citizens Advice has helped over a thousand people with debt issues related to failed suppliers, with average debts of £250.
An elderly person helped by Citizens Advice had agreed to pay £10 monthly towards their debt, following a decision from the Energy Ombudsman.
After their supplier failed, the administrators requested the full amount of nearly £350 and threatened to bring in bailiffs. The customer didn’t understand what had happened and was left feeling distressed and anxious.
Closing the protection gap
The charity is calling on the government to use the forthcoming Energy White Paper to fix the protection gap for customers who owe money to energy suppliers when they collapse.
It wants the government to take action to make sure administrators of all energy companies have a duty to consider consumer interests and follow the same rules as suppliers.
It is also calling for legislation to ensure more regular payment of industry costs - in particular the Renewables Obligation (RO) - by suppliers, to stop the build up of big debts that are then paid by consumers.
Gillian Guy, Chief Executive of Citizens Advice, said:
“Consumers shouldn't have to foot the multi-million pound bill left behind when companies collapse - and they certainly shouldn’t lose their usual protections in the process.
“The Energy White Paper is the perfect opportunity for the government to close the gap in protections and limit the cost to consumers of any future supplier failures. It must act now.”
Notes to editors
- Citizens Advice includes the national charity; the network of independent local Citizens Advice charities across England and Wales; the Citizens Advice consumer service; and the Witness Service.
- Citizens Advice is the statutory consumer advocate for energy and post. We provide supplier performance information to consumers and policy analysis to decision makers.
- The Citizens Advice Witness Service provides free, independent support for prosecution and defence witnesses in every criminal court in England and Wales.
- Citizens Advice offers Pension Wise services at 500 locations in England and Wales.
- Citizens Advice’s services are free, independent, confidential and impartial, and available to all regardless of race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, religion, age or nationality.
- To get advice online or find your local Citizens Advice, visit citizensadvice.org.uk
- For consumer advice, call the Citizens Advice consumer service on 03454 04 05 06 or 03454 04 05 05 to talk in Welsh.
- We helped 2.6 million people face to face, by phone, email and webchat in 2017-18. For service statistics see our monthly publication Advice trends.
- Citizens Advice staff are supported by over 23,000 trained volunteers, working at over 2,500 locations in England and Wales.