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Schooling for children who are ill or pregnant

This advice applies to Wales

This page tells you what arrangements should be made if your child misses school because of ill health, or needs support when at school. It also has information about schooling for pregnant pupils and young mothers.

If your child is too ill to attend school

If your child is absent from school because of sickness or injury, the local authority (LA) should make arrangements so that your child is not without some type of education for more than 15 working days.

The Welsh Government has issued guidance called, Access to Education and Support for Children and Young People with Medical Needs.

The guidance says that a child who has a recurrent condition that causes frequent absences, should not have to wait for 15 working days, but should be offered suitable education during an absence as soon as they are well enough. This also applies to the children in hospital who are well enough.

School health care plans

The school, the local authority and other professionals may decide to draw up a school health care plan to take account of your child's needs.

The main purpose of an individual plan is to identify the level of support that is needed at school, for example giving medication or dealing with emergencies. A short written agreement between parents and the school may be all that is necessary.

  • What should be included in a health care plan is explained in Annex 4 of the guidance at

Teenage Pregnancy

The Welsh Government guidance, Inclusion and Pupil Support, has a section called 'Education for young parents'. The guidance says that pregnancy is not a reason for the school to exclude a pupil. Being a young parent is not, by itself, a reason why a girl of compulsory school age need not attend school.

Local authorities are expected to provide support for the mother, both during pregnancy and after the baby is born. Each local authority should have an officer who is responsible for young parents in school.


The Equality Act 2010. makes some types of discrimination in schools unlawful. Schools also have a Public Sector Equality Duty to eliminate discrimination. If you think your child has been treated unfairly you can get help from the EASS discrimination helpline.

Next steps

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