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Employment tribunals - how much will it cost to make a claim?

Before you can make a claim to an employment tribunal, you now have to pay a set of fees. However, if you're getting certain benefits or are on a low income you can apply to have all or part of the fees paid for you. This is called a fee remission.

This page tells you more about how the fee structure works.

Employment tribunals survey

Are you thinking of taking a case to an employment tribunal? If so, we’d like to hear about your experience.

The tribunal system has changed significantly in the past two years and we want to check whether it is working properly for people in England and Wales.

By filling in this quick survey, you can help us understand how the people are seeking justice for issues at work.

Which fees will you have to pay?

The level of fee you pay will depend on whether you're making a Type A or Type B claim.

FeeType of claim
Type A fee

For claims, such as:

  • unpaid wages
  • redundancy pay
  • holiday pay
  • notice pay
  • equal pay (for claims presented before 6 April 2014).
Type B fee

For claims, such as:

  • unfair dismissal
  • discrimination
  • whistleblowing
  • equal pay (for claims presented on or after 6 April 2014).

For each claim, there will be two sets of fees to pay. These are:

  • an issue fee
  • a hearing fee.

Before you can start your claim, you'll have to pay the issue fee. If you're getting certain benefits or on a low income, you can make an application to have the fee fully or partially waived. This is called a fee remission.

If your claim goes to a hearing, you'll have to pay a hearing fee or apply for a hearing fee remission before the tribunal meets to decide the outcome of your claim.

How much will you have to pay?

You'll only have to pay one fee for your case, regardless of the number of claims you're making. For example, you'll only pay one fee if you're claiming for unfair dismissal and for discrimination at the same time. If you're making both Type A and Type B claims, you'll have to pay the Type B fees.

Fee typeType A claimsType B claims
Issue fee £160 £250
Hearing fee £230 £950
Total £390 £1,200

If you're making a claim with other people

If you're making a claim with other people, you'll have to pay higher fees. These will depend on how many of you are making the claim. You still need to make the claim on a single ET1 form.

Type A case fees when more than one person makes a claim

Number of claimantsIssue feeHearing fee
2-10 £320 £460
11-200 £640 £920
Over 200 £960 £1,380

Type B case fees when more than one person makes a claim

Number of claimantsIssue feeHearing fee
2-10 £500 £1,900
11-200 £1,000 £3,800
Over 200 £1,500 £5,700

Other fees you may have to pay

There may be fees to pay for other applications to the tribunal.

Table of fees by type of application

Type of applicationType A claimType B claim
Reconsideration of a default judgment
If your employer doesn’t respond to your claim, the tribunal can issue a default judgment in your favour. If your employer objects they have to pay this fee. However, if for any reason you ask the tribunal to change the tribunal judgment, you will have to pay this fee.
£100 £100
Reconsideration of a judgment following a final hearing
This fee is payable if you’re unhappy with the tribunal’s final decision about your case and you ask them to reconsider the decision.
£100 £350
Dismissal following withdrawal of a claim
You can withdraw a claim for any reason. For example, you no longer want to make the claim or you have reached a settlement with the employer. Your employer may then apply to have the case formally dismissed. This prevents you from making the claim again. It will usually be your employer who has to pay this fee.
£60 £60
An employer's counter claim for breach of contract
In some cases your employer can make a type A claim against you for money they believe you owe them. This is only for cases where you’re claiming breach of contract. They will have to pay this fee to do so.
£160 -
Judicial mediation
Usually paid by your employer if you make a claim against them.
- £600

Employment Appeal Tribunal fees

Issue feeHearing fee Total fee
Employment Appeal Tribunal fees £400 £1,200 £1,600

You will only need to pay these fees if you are unhappy with a decision made by the ET and want to appeal to a higher tribunal.

Applying for a fee remission if you're on a low income or are getting certain benefits

If you're on a low income you may not have to pay the fees, or you may qualify to pay reduced fees. This is called a fee remission.

If you get certain qualifying benefits you won't have to pay any fees at all.

If you're on a low income, how much you'll have to pay will depend on your income, savings and how much income you get from capital you have. This includes any income you get from investments, such as stocks and shares or from property other than your main home.

If you've been involved in an unfair dismissal claim and you were given a lump sum pay-out by your employer, you may still be able to apply for fee remission.

If you're getting Legal Aid, you may not have to pay the fees, or you may be able to pay reduced fees.

If you win your claim

Your employer will normally be ordered to pay you back any fees you have paid, in addition to your compensation. They’ll have to pay back the fees even if your insurers or trade union paid them for you. (If that’s the case, the fees will be paid back to the insurer or trade union.) You should remember to include the fees in your schedule of loss.

Paying the other side's fees if you lose your claim

If you lose your claim, the tribunal has the power to order you to pay back any fees paid by your employer. However, the tribunal makes this decision on a case-by-case basis, so you won't automatically have to pay them if you lose. In most cases an employee won't have to pay any fees, so it's unlikely you'll have to repay anything.

In some cases the tribunal can order you to contribute to your employer’s legal costs, such as the cost of employing a solicitor. It's rare for tribunals to order payment of costs. This only happens if your claim was very weak or if you've acted unreasonably by deciding to make or continue with the claim.

Next steps

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