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Preparing to go to court as a witness

This advice applies to Wales

You’ll be told the date of the trial by:

  • a witness care officer if you’re a witness for the prosecution
  • the defence lawyer if you’re a witness for the defence

They’ll keep you up to date and explain what you need to do about things like transport and childcare, so that you can plan ahead.

Most people feel nervous going to court - there’s no need to worry as you’ll get support throughout the process from the Citizens Advice Witness Service.

Coronavirus - if you’re going to court

Some courts are closed and others are changing the way they work. You need to check how these changes will affect you on GOV.UK.

You can check how to prepare if the court arranges a hearing by phone or video call.

If the court hasn’t told you how to attend your hearing, contact them to find out. You can search for their contact details on GOV.UK. 

If you need time off work

If you haven’t already spoken to your employer, let them know as soon as possible that you'll need time off work.

Your employer doesn’t have to pay you for time off work when you go to court as a witness. But you can claim expenses for loss of earnings - ask a Witness Service volunteer for a form on the day of the trial.

If your employer says you can’t have time off

You should talk to your witness care officer or the defence lawyer.

The court can issue a ‘witness summons’ that you can show to your employer to prove you have to go.

If you can’t make the court date

If you're ill on the day or have a family emergency for example, tell your witness care officer or the defence lawyer as soon as you can. The court might be able to carry on the trial without you but they often have to change the date so you can give evidence.

What to wear in court

There aren’t any rules about what you should wear when you go to court, but most people will be dressed smartly. Whatever you wear, you should make sure you’re comfortable because it can be a long day.

If you need to arrange childcare

You can claim up to £67 for each day that you’re in court to cover the cost of paying for childcare.

If you do take your children to court you’ll need to bring a friend or relative with you to look after them - children under 14 aren’t allowed into the courtroom unless they’re giving evidence. 

Check to see if the court you’re going to has baby changing facilities, if you need them.

Planning your travel

You can find a map and directions for the court you’re going to using the GOV.UK court and tribunal finder.

It’s best to plan your journey to court in advance so you make sure you have plenty of time on the day of the trial. A Witness Service volunteer can help you decide on the best way for you to travel to the court, if you’re not sure.

If you’re driving to court, park somewhere you can stay for the day - the trial could be delayed or go on longer than you expect.

You can claim expenses for travel, car parking charges and congestion charges.

If you can’t afford to get to court

You can get money in advance if you’re a prosecution witness - just let the Witness Care Unit know.

If you’re a defence witness, speak to the defence lawyer.

If you get a witness summons, the police can pay for your travel if you need it.

If you’re disabled

You can use the GOV.UK court and tribunal finder to find out:

  • what disabled parking, access and toilet facilities are available at the court
  • if the court has hearing enhancement facilities