Banking – security and fraud - Citizens Advice Scotland
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Banking – security and fraud

This advice applies to Scotland

Contact your bank or building society straight away if you're worried someone might have access to your account. For example, if your:

  • card or security details have been lost or stolen
  • statement shows payments you don't recognise
  • card has reached its limit or account has gone into overdraft - and you weren't expecting it

Check your bank statement or the bank's website for the phone number to call for reporting security issues - or go to their branch in person.

If you haven't had money taken from your account, your bank or building society will still take action to protect your account, for example by cancelling your card or changing your security details.

If money has been taken from your account

This is known as fraud and is illegal.

When you contact your bank, they'll take action straight away to protect your account so no more money can be taken. For example, they might cancel your cards or cheque book and send you a replacement.

You should also report the crime to the police through Action Fraud. They'll log it and give you a crime reference number.

Action Fraud
Telephone: 0300 123 2040
Text phone: 0300 123 2050
Website: https://www.actionfraud.police.uk/
Lines are open Monday to Friday 9am-6pm.

Calls usually cost up to 40p a minute from mobiles and up to 10p a minute from landlines. It should be free from your mobile if you have a contract that includes calls to landlines - check with your supplier if you're not sure.

If you've received a scam email, text or phone call report it to the police by emailing NFIBPhishing@city-of-london.pnn.police.uk. Attach screenshots or recordings of the scam messages to your email.

If someone used your name to open new accounts, get credit or buy services

This is called 'identity theft'. If you start getting bank letters, bills or letters from debt collectors that you know nothing about, this might have happened to you.

You should contact your bank straight away and let them know. Keep a record of all conversations you have with the bank and copies of letters to do with the fraud. The bank will investigate, take action to protect your accounts and refer the crime to the police.

If you think someone has applied for credit in your name, for example because you've had letters about loans or credit cards you didn't apply for, you should also contact the main credit reference agencies. Explain you've been a victim of identity theft and ask them what credit accounts or services are on your file. Tell them which ones you didn't apply for and ask for the information to be removed.

The credit reference agency will contact those companies listed on your file to sort out the accounts that were wrongly opened in your name.

You should contact all 3 agencies as each one might only have part of your file. You can contact the following:

If you think someone has got your details by stealing your post, or by getting mail redirected, contact the Royal Mail Customer Enquiry Number on 03457 740 740.

Getting your money back

Your bank should refund any money stolen from you as a result of fraud and identity theft. They should do this as soon as possible - ideally by the end of the next working day after you report the problem.

If the bank thinks you might have acted fraudulently or were negligent, they can delay the refund while they investigate - this shouldn't take more than a few days.

If the bank won't refund your money, you'll only be able to get it back by taking the person who stole it to court.

Protecting your money

There are things you can do to limit the risk of becoming a victim of fraud. Check your bank or building society's website for advice on how you can make your account more secure.

Get tips from Action Fraud on how to keep your money safe from fraudsters.

If you bank online or on your mobile, find out how to keep your details secure from Financial Fraud Action UK.

You can get more detailed advice on how to shop and make secure payments online from Get Safe Online.

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