If you find treasure or lost goods
This page explains what you should do if you find something including treasure. It covers what you should do with items you find in the street or using a metal detector or in the sea or washed up on the sea shore.
Can you keep what you find
If you find something whether or not you can legally keep it depends on:
- where it has been left or found
- whether it is lost or abandoned, and
- how possible it is to find the rightful owner.
As a general rule when you find goods that you know don’t belong to you they can be handed in to the police or a lost and found office if you found it in a public place like a bus or train. After a period of two months if the person who lost them hasn’t gone to the police station or the lost property office, to look for them, you can claim them.
If you knowingly keep something that doesn’t belong to you it is an offence (endnote 1) but it may be difficult to charge you if no-one knows you found it.
Can you keep treasure
If you find any ancient objects whether they are made of precious metal or other metals or clay it is called ‘treasure trove’ and is the property of the Crown.
Anyone who finds objects which might be treasure trove must report it to the local police or museum, the local authority archaeologist, or the National Museums of Scotland.
If someone finds human remains or skeletons they must report these to the police as these are covered by different laws. The address of the National Museums of Scotland is:
National Museums of Scotland
Tel: 0131 225 7534
Fax: 0131 220 4819
The police or museum will report the find to the Procurator Fiscal and to the Queen’s and Lord Treasurer’s Remembrancer (who is responsible for treasure trove). A committee will decide what to do with the object. They could make one of the following decisions:
- decide that the object(s) do not need to be kept, and should be returned to the finder, or
- decide that the objects should be kept for a museum. If this happens the finder may be paid a reward, based on the value of the object(s).
It is always to your advantage to report the find at once, to make a careful note of where you found the objects, and to make sure that you do not damage the object(s), for example by cleaning them.
If you are going to use a metal detector to search for treasure trove or other hidden objects, you should:
- get the landowner’s permission before searching on private land
- get permission from the Secretary of State for Scotland for using it on a listed ancient monument or other protected site. A fine can be imposed for using a metal detector on these sites without permission. A person can ask for permission from:
Historic Environment Scotland
Tel: 0131 668 8600
Fax: 0131 668 8789
The Federation of Independent Detectorists has a Code of Conduct which its members must follow. It can give further information and advice about using metal detectors. It also offers a free recovery service for people who have lost metal objects. Their address is:-
Federation of Independent Detectorists
61 Newtown Road
Tel: 01635 522578
Items in the sea or washed up on the shore
Goods found in the sea or on the seashore could be from a ship and are known technically as 'wreck'. All wreck must be reported to:
The Receiver of Wreck
The Maritime and Coastguard Agency
Bay 1/05, Spring Place
105 Commercial Road
Tel: 023 8032 9474
A form to report wrecks can be downloaded from the Receiver of Wreck's website.
Other useful information
There is a website dedicated to explaining the rules about treasure trove in Scotland at www.treasuretrovescotland.co.uk.
If you have found treasure trove there is useful information at www.treasuretrovescotland.co.uk.