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Complaints about GPs

This advice applies to England

The care you receive from a GP is usually very good and most people don’t have any problems. But occasionally things can go wrong. This page tells you where to start when you want to sort out a problem with a GP.

What you might want to complain about?

You can make a complaint about any aspect of a GP’s care. Here are just some examples of when you might want to complain, but remember that you could complain about something a GP did or didn’t do, even if it isn’t on this list:

  • not being able to get an appointment to see your GP. The government target is that you should be able to get an appointment for an urgent medical problem within 48 hours
  • an incorrect diagnosis
  • incorrect treatment
  • problems with your GP out-of-hours service
  • there’s been an unreasonable delay in diagnosis or treatment
  • there’s been an unreasonable delay in telling you the results of tests
  • your GP ignores important symptoms
  • bad communication
  • your GP doesn’t provide appropriate pain relief
  • clinical negligence resulting in personal injury
  • the behaviour of staff at your GP surgery
  • consent issues. For example, you weren’t given information about the severe side effects of a certain medication so you weren’t able to make an informed choice about consenting to the treatment
  • discrimination, for example, you’re not given proper treatment because of your disability. This is against the law
  • lack of patient confidentiality. For example, the GP receptionist refuses to make you an appointment unless you tell them what is wrong with you. You’re concerned by this, because everyone else in the waiting room can hear
  • errors in medical records, or loss of medical records
  • a refusal (or an unreasonable delay) to provide information about your medical condition for things like a benefits or insurance claim, or when information is requested by the DVLA so you can drive again
  • refusal to make an appropriate referral to a hospital
  • delays in passing on information to other professionals
  • refusing to prescribe you a drug that you need. But you can't complain if it’s a drug that the GP isn’t allowed to prescribe on the NHS, or if it's a drug which a GP may only prescribe in certain circumstances or for specific patient groups.

Who is responsible for GP services?

It can be confusing to work out who is responsible and who you can raise your concerns with. Most GPs are not employed directly by the NHS. They have a contract to provide NHS services. They employ their own staff and therefore if you have concerns about a member of staff at the GP surgery, you can complain to the GP who employs them. GPs aren't usually responsible for out-of-hours services - see below. At every GP surgery, there has to be a procedure to deal with complaints, and someone who is responsible for dealing with complaints.

NHS England

NHS England is responsible for a GP’s contract and making sure that GPs carry out the terms of their contracts.

Out-of-hours services

Clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) buy or commission out-of-hour services on behalf of individual GP surgeries. These services are usually provided by another organisation, but sometimes they could be provided by your GP. If you have a concern about out-of-hours services, you could make your complaint either directly to the out-of-hours provider or to the CCG.

Individual healthcare professionals

Each individual healthcare professional that looks after you must provide a good standard of care. This is a legal duty and it's also required by the regulatory body of the professional. In the case of a doctor, this is the General Medical Council and in the case of a nurse at your GP’s surgery this is the Nursing and Midwifery Council. This means you can take action against an individual GP or other healthcare professional if they don’t provide this standard of care.

What are your options?

Depending on what you want to achieve, you may have different options to make a complaint:

  • use the NHS complaints procedure
  • take legal action, for example, for clinical negligence, discrimination or for breach of your human rights. This can be expensive - take legal advice before considering this option
  • reporting concerns to your GP’s regulatory body
  • reporting concerns to someone else such as your local Healthwatch, NHS England or the press.

Medical records

If you’re thinking of making a complaint about the medical treatment which you did or didn’t receive, you may find it helpful to obtain a copy of your medical records first.


You may be someone who works in a GP surgery and is concerned about unsafe work practices or lack of care by other professionals. There are special procedures to follow to raise your concerns.

Get help

Depending on the circumstances, it can be difficult or distressing to make a complaint about a GP. It's usually best to get help to do this. For example, you could contact your local Healthwatch.

Next steps

Other useful information


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