Information for private landlords
This information applies to Scotland only
Rights and responsibilities
You can find lots of information about your rights and duties as a private landlord on the Renting Scotland website, which is produced by Shelter Scotland. It covers the following issues:-
- renting out your property
- starting and ending a tenancy as a landlord
- tenancy deposits
- dealing with disputes with tenants
- dealing with anti-social behaviour
- choosing a letting agent
The website also offers access to a free app for landlords that can help you to:
- keep checklists for multiple properties
- remind yourself of things to tell tenants at a viewing
- be aware of your legal responsibilities
- answer legal, safety and money questions.
You can also find information and useful contacts on the Scottish Government website.
Tenant privacy and General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR)
Regulations that came into force in 2018 about the sharing of personal information affect landlords who may need to to share their tenant's information with local authorities or tenancy deposit schemes. The Scottish Government has a template privacy notice that landlords can give to tenants in order to comply with the regulations. You could ask tenants to sign this also to confirm they have received it.
Almost all private landlords who let properties in Scotland must register with the local authority. It is a criminal offence to let out property and not be registered and you could be fined up to £50,000. You can register online on the Scottish Landlord Register website or through your local authority. There is a 10% discount if you register online.
Tenant Information Pack
You have a legal duty to provide new tenants with a Tenant Information Pack before their tenancy starts. You can download the pack from the Scottish Government website , and there is more information at beta.gov.scot.
Most private tenancies must comply with the repairing standard. The repairing standard is a set of legal and contractual obligations that apply to most private landlords to ensure that a property meets a minimum physical standard.
The First-tier Tribunal for Scotland (Housing and Property Chamber) can help tenants and landlords resolve their differences, including the enforcement of the repairing standard.
There is information about the repairing standard on the Renting Scotland website, and more information for landlords on the First-tier Tribunal for Scotland (Housing and Property Chamber), and for help that the Tribunal can give a landlord in exercising the right to enter.
You can get free, expert and impartial advice on how to make your property more energy efficient from Home Energy Scotland, managed by the Energy Saving Trust. Financial help may be available.
It is against the law for you to discriminate against a tenant or prospective tenant by treating them unfairly because of their disability, gender re-assignment, pregnancy and maternity, sex or sexual orientation. You also have a duty to make reasonable adjustments if requested to do so by a disabled tenant or prospective tenant.
- More about discrimination in housing and the duty to make reasonable adjustments
- More about exceptions to the duty to make reasonable adjustments
You can get more detailed advice about your rights as a private landlord from an adviser at a Citizens Advice Bureau – where to get advice.
A landlords association may also be able to help you. For example:-
The Scottish Association of Landlords which represents landlords and letting agents in Scotland.
There is also the National Association of Landlords which is an association for private landlords in the UK.
If you want to rent out a room in the house where you live, you will be classed as a resident landlord. You can find information about taking in a lodger on the Shelter Scotland website.
If you are a tenant looking for information about renting from a private landlord, see Renting from a private landlord.