A pawnbroker is someone who lends money according to the value of goods left with them (pledged). When you leave your goods with the pawnbroker they must give you a receipt known as a ticket.
The pawnbroker must keep the goods for at least six months but you can get them back at any time by paying off the loan plus interest. The period can be extended by paying the interest only and re-pledging the goods.
If you don’t repay the loan or extend the credit, the pawnbroker can sell your goods and use the money to pay off your debt.
If you’re struggling to repay your loan because of coronavirus
The pawnbroker might agree to reduce or pause your payments temporarily. You can check what to do if you can’t repay your loan.
If the amount you borrowed was £75 or less, the pawnbroker can give you a standard form to fill in to say that you have lost the ticket but that the goods are yours. The pawnbroker might not agree to do this if they don't believe the goods are yours.
In England and Wales, if the amount you borrowed was over £75 or if it is less but the pawnbroker will not accept a standard form, you will have to go to a magistrate or commissioner for oaths to swear that the goods are your property. There is a fee for this. You must then either get the goods back or make a new six-month agreement.
In England and Wales, you can contact a magistrate at your local magistrates' court. It's a good idea to telephone the court first and make an arrangement, as there may be a set time when magistrates do this type of work. You can search for your local magistrates court on GOV.UK.
A solicitor or other legally qualified person, such as a legal executive, can act as a Commissioner for Oaths.
For more information about finding a solicitor, see Using a solicitor.
If you don't go back for the goods within six months and the amount borrowed is £75 or less, the goods will become the pawnbroker’s property.
If the amount borrowed was more than £75, the pawnbroker can sell the goods at the end of the agreed period. But the pawnbroker has to give you notice of this if the loan was for more than £100, to give you a chance to collect the goods.
The Money Advice Service website has lots of useful information about borrowing and managing your money.