Get help with bills
There are things you can do if you're struggling to pay your bills - for example your energy bills, rent and council tax.
If you owe money and you’re struggling to pay
You should speak to the organisations you owe money to – they might let you pay smaller amounts or take a break from payments.
Don’t ignore bills or letters about money you owe.
Check if you can get extra help or money
You might be able to claim benefits or increase your current benefits if you’re:
struggling to afford essential things - such as food and housing
sick or disabled
a pensioner on a low income
responsible for children
Check what help you can get from your local council
You can contact your local council - they might help you pay for things like:
your energy and water bills
essential items - for example clothes or an oven
This help is known as the Scottish Welfare Fund.
You must apply to your local council to get a grant from the Scottish Welfare Fund. Read more about getting help from the Scottish Welfare Fund.
You do not have to be getting benefits to get help from your local council. If you do get benefits, they won’t be affected if you get money from the Scottish Welfare Fund.
Check what help you can get with your bills
Contact the organisations or people you owe money to. They might agree to help by doing things like:
reducing your payments
giving you more time to pay
Each organisation is different so it’s important to check what help you could get.
You should start by trying to sort out problems with your energy bills, council tax or housing costs. These are more urgent than things like credit cards or loans.
Get help with your energy bills
Contact your energy supplier and tell them you’re struggling to afford your bills. Your supplier has to help you find a solution. Talk to them about a payment plan that works for you - this means making payments you can afford over a fixed period of time.
If you don’t try to agree a plan with your supplier, they might say they’ll disconnect you. Check what to do if you’ve been told your energy supply will be disconnected.
If you’ve got a prepayment meter and you don’t top it up
Your energy supply might stop. Check what to do if you can’t afford to top up your prepayment meter.
Check if you can apply for grants and schemes
You might be able to apply for grants and schemes to help you pay your bills if any of the following apply:
you’ve reached State Pension age -check your State Pension age on GOV.UK
you have a disability
you have no income or a low income
you’ve missed payments to your energy supplier
Get help paying your rent
If you can’t pay your rent, explain the situation to your landlord straight away. They might give you more time to pay.
You might be able to get benefits to help with your rent, for example Universal Credit or Housing Benefit. You’ll usually get Universal Credit if you’re under State Pension age. You’ll usually get Housing Benefit if you’re over State Pension age.
If you’re already getting Housing Benefit or Universal Credit
If Housing Benefit or Universal Credit doesn't cover all your rent, you can apply for a discretionary housing payment (DHP). A DHP is extra money from your local council to help pay your rent.
You need to be getting Housing Benefit or the housing costs part of Universal Credit to get a DHP.
Contact your local council and ask how to apply for a DHP. You might have to apply by phone or online. You can find out how to contact your local council on GOV.UK.
When you apply, explain why you need a DHP. For example, you should tell them:
why you can't afford to pay the rent
why you can't move somewhere cheaper
if it's causing problems for someone you look after, like a child or elderly relative
if you have a disability and how this makes it more difficult to pay
You’ll need to send any evidence you have, for example a letter from your doctor or details of debts you're paying off.
It's a good idea to keep a copy of your application. For example, you can take photos of your paper form or print a copy of an online application.
Your local council will decide whether to give you a DHP - it depends on your situation. If the council decide to give you a DHP, they'll write to tell you:
how much you'll get
when the DHP will stop
If you still need a DHP after it stops, you can apply again.
Get help paying your mortgage
Ask your mortgage provider for help - they might change the way you pay your mortgage. For example, they might let you make interest-only payments for a while.
If you’re behind with your mortgage payments
You’re in ‘arrears’ - this means you owe money to your mortgage provider.
You need to agree with your mortgage provider a way to pay back what you owe. If you don’t, your mortgage provider might take you to court and try to take your home. They should only do this after exploring all other options with you.
Try to pay as much as you can, even if it’s not the full amount. Your provider can’t take you to court until you owe a total of 3 months' worth of payments.Find out more about dealing with mortgage arrears.
Get help with your council tax
You might be able to pay less council tax or not pay it at all - it depends on your circumstances.
If you’ve missed a council tax payment
You should contact your council straight away. Find your local council on mygov.scot.
If you ignore Council Tax arrears, your council will:
issue a summary warrant
add a 10% charge on to your bill
You’ll also have to pay sheriff officer fees as well as your debt.
Get help paying your mobile, phone or internet bill
Contact your provider and ask what they can do to help. They might agree to:
reduce your bill
give you more time to pay
increase your data or download limit
move you to a different contract
If your provider won't help you, you might be able to switch to a different provider. If you owe money to your old provider when you switch, you’ll still have to pay the money you owe.
If you’re getting benefits
You might be able to get a cheaper deal called a ‘social tariff’. It depends which benefits you get and where you live.
Get help paying your tax bill
If you're struggling to pay your tax bill, you should speak to HMRC straight away. Explain your situation and ask them if you can spread your payments over a longer period.
You can call them on their income tax helpline.
HMRC income tax helpline
Telephone: 0300 200 3300
Monday to Friday, 8am to 8pm
Saturdays, 8am to 4pm
Calls cost 12p per minute from a landline, and from 3p to 45p from a mobile
If you can’t pay your tax bill, you can read more about what to do on GOV.UK.
Get help paying for your insurance
If you’re struggling to pay, think about whether you still need the insurance policy. If it’s something you need, contact your insurance provider and explain your situation. Your provider might agree to:
remove parts of your policy to reduce the cost - for example, cancelling breakdown cover on car insurance
let you pay over a longer period
If you've already paid for your insurance and then you change your policy to make it cheaper, you should get a refund of the difference. You might have to pay a fee which will be taken off the refund.
If your insurance provider won’t agree to help
You can complain to an ombudsman. They look into complaints about companies and organisations and can make them help you.Find out more about complaining to an ombudsman.
Get help repaying a benefit overpayment or budgeting loan
You might be able to pay less if the repayments mean you can’t afford things like rent or electricity.
Contact the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) Debt Management centre and ask them to reduce your payments. Explain the effect the repayments have on your finances.
DWP debt management contact centre
Telephone: 0800 916 0647
Textphone: 0800 916 0651
Relay UK - if you can't hear or speak on the phone, you can type what you want to say: 18001 then 0800 328 1344
You can use Relay UK with an app or a textphone. There’s no extra charge to use it. Find out how to use Relay UK on the Relay UK website.
Calling from abroad: +44 (0)161 904 1233
Monday to Friday, 8am to 7.30pm
Saturday, 9am to 4pm
Get help with hire purchase payments
Contact the company you have the agreement with. You might be able to get your payments reduced or paused. The company might:
reduce or stop charging interest on your missed payments
change the amount you have to pay back and how long you have to pay it
allow you to pay a small amount or nothing for a fixed amount of time
You can also end a hire purchase in writing and return your purchase at any time. You might still have to make some payments - it depends how much of the total agreement you've already paid.
Get help repaying your credit card or loan
If you ask the company or organisation you owe money to, they might reduce or pause your payments. You can:
If you’re struggling with the cost of an overdraft
Contact your bank or building society and ask how they can help you. They might cancel fees they’ve charged you. They should help you work out how to pay back the overdraft.
If your bank doesn’t help you, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman. They look into complaints about banks and building societies and can make them help you. Contact the Financial Ombudsman Service on their website.
If you take out a loan to pay off your overdraft it could cost you more and cause problems if you can't afford the payments. Talk to an adviser before you take out a loan.
If you’re thinking about borrowing money to pay your bills
It’s usually more expensive to take out a loan – you’ll have to pay extra costs like interest.
You should first contact the organisations you need to pay. You might be able to agree a plan to help pay the money you owe.
If you decide to take out a loan, you should:
compare different deals – check how to get the best deal
check you can afford to pay the loan back
If the lender isn’t on the FCA register
If they’re not on the register, don’t borrow money from them.
A lender that isn’t on the register might want to charge high interest rates or expensive fees. They might ask to take things like your passport, or a bank card as security for the loan - they’re not allowed to use these things as security.
These lenders are often called ‘loan sharks’. You can report loan sharks to the national Trading Standards Scotland team on 0800 074 0878.